Is It Allowed for a Woman to Stay in the Mosque during Menses?

Is it permissible for women during their monthly period and post-natal period to enter mosques to attend classes of Qur’an and knowledge and other things?

As-Salamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.

In The Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

All Praise and Thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger.

In response to this question, the European Council for Fatwa and Research (ECFR) issued the following Fatwa:

In the Qur’an, Allah (SWT) illustrates the Islamic rule regarding the monthly period, stating:

“They will question thee concerning the monthly course. Say: ‘It is hurt; so go apart from women during the monthly course, and do not approach them till they are cleansed.”(Qur’an 2:22)

According to Shari’ah, women do not pray, fast, or have intimacy during their monthly periods until they are relieved.

In terms of accessing mosques to take advantage of their good facilities, Muslim scholars have expressed two points of view:

  1. It is forbidden, and a hadith is quoted to support this point of view, in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) says:

Accessing the mosque is forbidden for women during their monthly period and people in grave impurity.” (Abu Dawoud & Ibn Majah)

  1. It is permissible, and a hadith is quoted to support this point of view, in which ‘A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) says:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to me ‘Pass me the Khumrah (i.e., a small rug Muslims prostrate on) and it is inside the mosque.’

I said: ‘I am menstruating.’

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Your menstruation is not in your hand.” (Sahih Muslim)

‘A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) also narrates that a freed save woman lived in the mosque. (Sahih al-Bukhari)

The mosque was her home, where she stayed regardless of her circumstances, including during her monthly period.

The second opinion is preponderant as the second quoted hadith is authentic. In and of itself, it is consistent with the principle that women have the right to visit mosques. The first opinion is weak because it is founded on a weak hadith.

Allah Almighty knows best.

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